There are four websites which present cultural and historical data on Macau and genealogy (family trees) of Macanese people. Two are Public (one in English and one in Portuguese), and two Private (again, in English and in Portuguese). The Private sites require registration; access may be given to people of Portuguese descent with an ancestor from Macau.
These sites contain a variety of cultural and historical material – articles, e-books, recipes, the old patuá (patois), photos, paintings, etc.
A large part of the restricted site is devoted to Macanese families and family trees, with the names of 65,000 people; only a small fraction of these appear in the public sites.
Every person is given a unique identification number so that people can be distinguished even if they have identical names.
Each person has a Personal Page in which are shown whatever details are available: parents, spouse(s), children, siblings, education, occupation, photos, and so forth.
The menu on the top of the screen gives you options.
The website is divided into chapters as listed in the menu at the top of the screen.
Here we have lists of Surnames, Given Names and Nicknames.
This is a list of surnames, arranged alphabetically. Included are surnames given at birth and surnames changed at marriage or by deed poll.
Many Portuguese surnames begin with D (de, da, dos, d'). Here we list such surnames twice: following Portuguese convention, names like da Silva are listed under S, de Figueiredo under F, and so forth; we list them again under D.
Note that there are many variations in spelling: Osório/Ozorio, Pina/Pinna, Rosário/Rozario, Sousa/Souza, da Silva/DaSilva, etc. Often there are variations in surnames even between siblings.
Tracing a family is complicated because sometimes Portuguese children are not given the surname of their father, as is the custom in other ethnic groups, but use either their mother's surname or a compound surname comprising both mother's and father's surnames. Sometimes the child is given or uses a surname totally different from his parents'. In such cases it might be easier to search under Given Names
Many Macanese are only known by their by unusual nicknames that are totally unrelated to their given names; so they can only be found from their nicknames.
Click on NAMES>Nickname index to see a list of nicknames, arranged alphabetically, in most cases displayed along with the actual names.
Note that there is often no consistency in the spelling of nicknames.
Portuguese surnames can be confusing because sometimes members of the same family can have different surnames – for example, a child may take the mother's surname or use a combination of surnames of both parents. It is often easier to search for given names. Here we present a list of all full names, arranged alphabetically under given names.
This chapter (only in the Private sites) contains Descendant Box Charts for some 600 selected people whom we call "Principal Ancestors", coloured pink for females and pale blue for males; white indicates that the gender is uncertain. Some of these charts show thousands of descandants.
This is a gallery showing thumbnails (miniatures of photos). (There are only a few photos in the public sites.) If you click on a thumbnail you will see the full picture.
Usually a group photo will be assigned to one of the members of the group, or to of one of their parents, with links from the pages of other members of the group (who are called "witnesses" to the group photo). In most cases, "hovering" (moving the mouse cursor over a person's face) will reveal his or her name and clicking on the face of one of the group will take you to that person's page.
The photos are divided into galleries: one containing All Photos, and others containing those photos whose captions include a particular name. For example, there is a gallery called Luiz which includes all photos whose caption includes the word "Luiz" – whether as a surname or as a given name, and even if the photo came from the collection of someone named "Luiz".
There is also a gallery devoted to photos in which some individuals have not been identified. If you can identify any of the people whose names are missing, please contact me . (See also Submitting Data below).
Here are listed some notable people – Macanese (and their spouses) and their ancestors who were nobles or who have received national recognition by appointment to one of the National Orders (at the level of Member of the British Empire or above).
The list (in alphabetical order) is long and impressive, with appointees to Orders of Portugal, Britain, France, Spain, Italy and many other countries. (The list is incomplete as many recipients of high military medals have yet to be included.)
As usual, clicking on a name will take you to that person's page; clicking on an icon of a medal will usually display for you the full image.
Here we list some relevant publications on history, genealogy, cuisine, patuá, biographies, etc.; links to other websites; and other material that should interest both casual and serious researchers.
This Chapter includes over 200 recipes that graced the tables of Macanese.
This Chapter is devoted to the Macanese patois (patuá). It contains the entire lexicon of thousands of words and phrases, accompanied by an audio recording of how they should sound.
Clicking on a marker on the map will bring up comments about that spot.
Some 800 people have sent in articles, photos, biographical details, corrections, amendments and updates, often with comments about the website, which have always been encouraging. This Chapter acknowledges their help and lists their names and some of their comments.
This takes you to the Search Engine , a powerful means of searching using any of the following: ID number, Surname, Given name(s), Dates of birth and death, Spouse's and Parents' names.
Switch to Portuguese
This takes you to the Macanese Families Group Facebook.
Each person is allocated a unique identification (ID) number. Even though individuals can have similar or even identical names, they will always have different identification numbers.
ID numbers are allocated in the order in which names happened to be entered into the database.
For each person there is a page which shows (if the information is available) details such as
- full name
- sex (M, F or ?)
- unique identification number (ID)
- photo. If a person has more than one photo, there will appear one or more little icons of a camera . Clicking on one of the icons brings up another image.
- links to group photos where the person (who is called a "witness") appears
- alternative name (people sometimes use a name other than that given at birth)
- dates and places of birth, marriage, death, burial
- citations (where the information came from)
- descendancy charts where the person appears
- a Pedigree icon . Clicking on this shows a chart of that person's family, siblings and 3 or 5 generations of ancestors.
A question mark indicates that the name is unknown.
There are several ways to find people. A person can appear several times under various forms:
- name at birth
- married name
- informal name variation (people sometimes use different names)
- legal name change
To find a person, you can click on NAMES>Surnames at the top of the screen to see a list of all surnames, arranged alphabetically. Find and click on the surname you want, and you will see a list of people with that surname; click on the Given Name of the person you want and you will be taken to the Personal Page (the page devoted to that person. This technique also works for married surnames and surnames changed legally.
Often there are several people with the same or similar names. You might be able to distinguish between them from their dates of birth. Failing that, you would have to look at each of their pages in turn, and decide on the basis of other information – spouse, parents, siblings, place of birth, etc.
She also appears under her married surname and can be found by a search for "Williams".
Often Macanese are only known by their nicknames. In the menu at the top of the page, click on NAMES>Nicknames> nicknames index to see a list of all nicknames.
Clicking on a nickname will take you to that person's page. For example, if you click on "Ariri de Noronha", you will be taken to the page of "Henrique António de Noronha".
Portuguese surnames can be confusing because sometimes the members of the same family have diffeent surnames. It is often easier to search for given names. Full names are all listed alphabetically under NAMES>Given Names. Clicking on a name will take you to that person's page.
Photos are collected and "thumbnails" (miniatures) are displayed in galleries of photos; clicking on a thumbnail photo enlarges that photo.
Your web browser probably has a search facility that you can use to find any word or phrase on the screen page that you are on. If you are using Internet Explorer, for example, Ctrl-F (holding down the Control key and pressing the F key) will open a box into which you can type the word you want to search for. This technique is useful when there are many entries on a screen page, for example on a screen page full of surnames.
The Search Engine provides a fast and powerful method for finding a person. There are two search facilities.
if you know the ID number of a person you are searching for: simply enter it in the box and click on "GO".
for a person's name, approximate year of birth, etc. Enter the search details in the boxes and click "Search".
Because so many Portuguese names have accented letters, and names can be spelled in different ways, a little more effort may be needed to use this search facility, but it is well worth mastering because it allows very fast searches.
The search is not sensitive to case, so to search for "Maria" you can just type in maria .
The search will find any word that contains the pattern of letters you type in. For example, entering a Surname of silva will find "DaSilva", "Silva e Souza", etc.
Be careful not to put in any unnecessary spaces because they will also be searched for.
You can also search for nicknames by typing them in the "First & Middle Name(s)" field.
If you enter insufficient details, the result might be a very large number of possibilities. You then need to refine your search details to narrow the search.
There are many variations in the spellings of names (Sousa/Souza, Pina/Pinna, Colaço/Collaço, etc.), especially those with accented letters ("diacritics" like é, ã, ç), so some effort is needed.
If you want to search for "José" you have to type in the ;é ; ;typing in ;jose ;will not find any occurrences of "José".
Searching tips are provided at the end of this chapter.
Only send data that can be made available publicly.
When submitting data, it would help me greatly if you could:
- state your name and ID number (if you are already in the database),
- if you are not yet in the database, give me enough information to link you in (e.g., names of your parents, grandparents, spouse)
- include the ID numbers of individuals,
- give full names (not just nicknames, for example)
- indicate where you got the information from – such as
- formal document like a birth, marriage or death certificate
- newspaper announcement
- memory of family members
- put in years in full (e.g., 1997, not 97)
- use the British system (dd-mm-yyyy – for example, 16-1-1956 or 16/1/1956)
- or spell out the month in full (January 16 1956 or 16 January 1956)
- or abbreviate the month (Jan 16 1956 or 16 Jan 1956)
- do not use punctuation marks (16 Jan., 1956)
- do not enter the day as an adjective (16th Jan 1956)
- scan photos with a resolution of at least 200dpi
- send photos in one of the standard image formats (.jpg, .tif, .gif, etc) and NOT as inserts in Word or pdf documents
- identify as many people as you can in group photos
Please email the data to me at email@example.com
The search facility has powerful techniques for finding all variations of interest. These are not for the faint-hearted but for those who enjoy a challenge we present a few quick tricks.
|s.queira||will find all occurrences of||"Sequeira" and "Siqueira".|
|(sousa|souza)||"Sousa", "Souza", "Sousa da Silva", "Sousa e Sales", "Sousae", "Souza-Carroll" (and more).|
|pin*a||"Pina" and "Pinna".|
|Jos[ée]||"José" and "Jose".|
|(ant.nio|tonin)||"António", "Antonio", Antonina, "Tonin", "Toninho" (and more).|
|col*a.o||"Colaço", "Collaço", "Colaco" and "Collaco".|
|(bill|will)||"Bill", "Billie", "Billy", "Will", "Willy" and "William".|
This next table outlines the effect of using special symbols to define the search.
|.||Matches any single character|
|s.queira matches "Sequeira" and "Siqueira"|
|rem.dios matches "Remédios" and "Remedios"|
|jos. matches "José" and "Jose" (and even "Joso" if there were such a name)|
|$||Matches the end of a group of letters|
|a$ matches the last "a" in "Anita"|
|*||Matches zero or more occurrences of the previous character or term.|
|pin*a matches "Pina" and "Pinna".|
|^||Matches the start of any field|
|^a matches the first "A" in "Anita"|
|[abc...]||Matches any character specified between the brackets.|
|Jos[ée] matches "José" and "Jose".|
|(a|b|...)||Matches one of a set of alternatives.|
|(gussy|gussie) matches "Gussy" and "Gussie"|
|First & Middle Name(s)||Surname||Result of search|
Carlos Petronilo de Pina and Carlos Luis de Pinna
Both "Pina" and "Pinna" are found.
António Maria Barreto y Barreto and António Emílio Maria Rodrigues da Silva
Both are nicknamed "Toning"
António Manuel da Fonseca Osório Nunes
(Although there are many people called "António Manuel", "^n" specifies that the first letter of the surname has to be "n")
|carlinho||Carlinho and Carlinhos|
The "$" specifies that the name must end in "o", so "Carlinhos" is eliminated.
|nina||Nina, Antonina, Joanina, Saturnina (and more)|
The "^" specifies that the name must start with "Nina", so other names like "Antonina" are eliminated.